What is the Green-Ag Project?

In the recent past, The Union administration of India dispatched the Green-Ag Project in Mizoram to limit the discharges from agriculture and agriculture-based industries. This guarantees sustainable agricultural practices. Alongside Mizoram, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Uttarakhand will carry out the task. 

About The Project:

  • The Global Environment Facility funds the ideology of the Green-Ag Project.
  • The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation, and Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW) took charge of being the national executing agency. 
  • The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was set up just before the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most squeezing ecological issues. 
  • Other eminent members associated with its execution are the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).

Aims & Objectives Of This Project:

  • The task is intended to accomplish different worldwide natural advantages in at least 1.8 million hectares of land in five states with integrated land-use systems.  
  • It plans to bring in at least one lakh ha of ranches under sustainable development patterns and water management techniques. 
  • The undertaking will similarly ensure 49 million Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) sequestered or decreased through feasible land-use efficiency and healthy agricultural practices. 

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Significance: 

  • The Green-Ag undertaking would help local individuals understand and utilize rich agrobiodiversity availability in their scene to ease access to farming. 
  • This project also ensures the increased production practices of domesticated animals. 
  • This helps in the advancement and promotion of secondary agriculture.
  • The formation and establishment of green value chains give a steady income round the year. This is consequently upgrading the wages of local villagers.  

Project Will Be Implemented In Five Landscapes: – 

  • Similipal Landscape (ODISHA)
  • Dampa Landscape (MIZORAM)
  • Corbett-Rajaji Landscape (UTTARAKHAND)
  • Chambal Landscape (MADHYA PRADESH) 
  • Desert National Park Landscape (RAJASTHAN) 
Mechanism Of The Project: – 
  • The farming and allied sectors will now have approaches towards regulations through institutionalization. This will keep mainstreaming natural concerns and needs.
  • The public and state-level agricultural projects will be combined. At any rate, six critical missions will be included to give a lift to economic farming. The program will be formalized, dependent on the consequences of biological indicators, coordinated in the approach. 
  • This will likewise catalyze transformative changes in India’s farming area to help accomplish local and worldwide ecological advantages. 
  • Conservation and preservation of critical biodiversity and forest landscapes additionally come as imperative objectives under this task. 
  • At least ten community-led initiatives will be encouraged to support the conservation of globally significant species, such as the Great Indian Bustard.
  • The Jhum cultivation or the slash and burn agriculture practice in Mizoram will be discouraged. 
  • The increasing carbon dioxide factor from the environment will be sorted out in both natural and artificial manner. An increase in the number of farmlands and forest lands will help in the purification of our atmosphere. The plants will perform photosynthesis, for which they will require carbon dioxide. They will get this carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, eventually reducing the air concentration. 
  • Artificial control of carbon dioxide will be possible by collecting the emissions from the chimneys of factories and dumping them in a particular place. In this manner, carbon dioxide will not be released into our atmosphere. As a result, there will be a reduction in greenhouse gases and an increase in agricultural practices.

Sustainable agriculture was the primary component of the venture. This task has given unique approaches and multiple benefits to the states regarding agro-climatic conditions, water accessibility, and definitely for the hard-working population. Now the states could produce niche and traditional products like passion fruits. They will distribute them to the nearby markets or feed the entire country and get the advantage of exploring export markets. This Green Ag project is acquiring success for sustainable land and water management practices, and of course, for the sustainability of the human race.